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19/04/2013 - Features

The causes of pimples

Commonly associated with adolescence, acne affects 30% of women between the ages of 25 and 40.

Commonly associated with adolescence, acne affects 30% of women between the ages of 25 and 40. This skin condition is mainly caused by a hormonal imbalance in both teenagers and adults.

Acne affects 90% of adolescents during puberty: 83% of girls and 95% of boys. High levels of androgen hormones cause the sebaceous glands to overproduce sebum. This excess of sebum clogs pores and causes pimples to appear, which is called acne.

An even more specific, and very common form of acne is called inflammatory acne, which is caused by an overproduction of bacteria (Propionibacterium acnes or P.acnes) and a rupture of the follicle in the dermis (middle layer of the skin). This results in skin inflammation and a red pimple that becomes filled with pus.

Anything that causes skin irritation can also cause acne, especially oily and comedogenic cosmetic products, skin exposure to extreme temperatures and even stress.

Lastly, the sun isn’t always your friend. It is always important to protect your skin from the sun. Although it may do wonders for your complexion, the sun is actually bad for acne. Your suntan will wear off after a few weeks, at which point, you’ll notice that your acne will be even worse.

For more detailed information or professional treatment, please consult a pharmacist or dermatologist.

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