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10/10/2013 - Features

What is atopic eczema?

Atopic eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is a pruriginous, chronic inflammatory disorder that is frequent among children and young adults. It evolves in the form of repeated inflammatory flare-ups followed by remissions.

Atopic eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is a pruriginous, chronic inflammatory disorder that is frequent among children and young adults. It evolves in the form of repeated inflammatory flare-ups followed by remissions.

In other words…
It is a recurrent skin condition characterized by, among other things, dryness and itching. Genetic in nature, atopic eczema most often endures from three months and tends to disappear during childhood. Indeed, 15% to 20% of infants have eczema, but in 80% of cases, it disappears within three to six years. However, about 10 to 15% of cases may persist into adulthood.

What cause atopic eczema ?
Atopic eczema is partly due to a superficial abnormality of the skin (alteration of its “barrier role”) which is responsible for its dryness and its environment vulnerability. Indeed, when the skin does not play its "barrier role", too much water evaporates and the skin becomes dry. It lets allergens in more easily, which may trigger an inflammatory reaction (eczema flare-ups).

What are the triggering factors ?
Contact with irritants such as soap, detergents, rough fabric, certain foods, heat or sweat are some triggering factors for atopic eczema flare-ups. Also, a too dry atmosphere, dental eruptions, certain changes from daily habits and stress may also encourage itching and eczema flares-up.

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